UNIT 10
MEASUREMENTS
Tujuan pembelajaran
Pada akhir unit ini kalian diharapkan mampu :
1. melafalkan kata-kata dalam bacaan terkait dengan measurement.
2. mengidentifikasi makna kata-kata yang berhubungan dengan
measurement
3. mengidentifikasi berbagai informasi yang terdapat dalam teks yang
berhubungan dengan measurement
4. menggunakan pola kalimat how many and how much
5. melengkapi kalimat rumpang yang dibacakan oleh guru dengan
kata berejaan benar.
A. LET’S LISTEN
Task 1
Listen and repeat.
measurement [ÈmeZ«m«nt]
mass [mQs]
metric [ÈmetrIk]
gram [grQm]
capacity [k«ÈpQsIti]
volume [Èvljuùm]
length [leNT]
weight [weIt]
meter [Èmiùt«]
distance [ÈdIst«ns]
liter [Èliùt«]
standard measurement [ÈstQnd«d] [ÈmeZ«m«nt]
ruler [Èruùl«]
scale [skeIl]
temperature [Ètempr«tS«]
thermometer [T«ÈmmIt«]
Task 2
Listen and find.
Match the tool of measurements with their functions.
The tools of measurement |
The functions |
1. a ruler | 1. to measure time |
2. a scale | 2. to measure temperature |
3. a thermomether | 3. to count |
4. a watch | 4. to measure weight |
5. a calculator | 5. to measure length |
B. LET’S READ.
Read the text.
Task 3
Measurement Systems and Tools
Measurement
To measure the sizes or dimensions of something
Protractor
This is a semicircle instrument. It is used to draw and measure angles in degrees.
Ruler
This is a tool to measure and draw straight lines. This tool is usually divided into units and fractional parts of the units, such as inches or centimeters.
Scale
Any instrument that is divided into equal units that can be used to measure. Rulers, thermomethers, and weighing devices are examples of scales. Weighing devices are most commonly referred to as scales or balance scales.
Answer the questions.
a. How many kinds of measurement tools do you know?
b. What is the function of a ruler?
3. What is the meaning of a scale?
4. What kins of tools do you use to measure weight?
5. What do you know about measurement?
Task 4
Temperature
Temperature is the measure of hotness or coldness of an object. The instrument to measure the temperature is thermomether. There are two metric, or centigrade, scale of measurement of temperature, Celcius (abbreviated with a capital C) and Farenheit (abbreviated with a capital F)
Answer the questions.
a. What is the meaning of temperature?
b. What is the instrument to measure temperature?
c. How many scales of measurement are there?
d. What are the scales of measurement of temperature?
e. What do you think of these two scales of measurement? Are they the same or
different?
Task 5
How Thermometers Work
If you look around your house, you will find lots of different devices whose goal in life is to either detect or measure changes in temperature:
- The thermometer in the backyard tells you how hot or cold it is outside.
- The meat and candy thermometers in the kitchen measure food temperatures.
- The thermometer in the furnace tells it when to turn on and off.
- The thermometer in the oven lets it keep a set temperature (hot).
- The thermometer in the refrigerator lets it keep a set temperature (cold).
- The fever thermometer in the medicine cabinet measures temperature
accurately over a very small range.
Answer the questions.
a. How many types of thermomether do you know?
b. Where do you find thermomether?
c. Do you ever use a thermomether?
d. How to read a thermomether? Explain, please.
C. GRAMMAR POINT
How many rulers do you have
How many calculators do you have?
How many watches do you have?
How much time do you need?
How much money do you spend in a month?
Task 6 |
Complete the sentences.
1. How _________ boxes do you need?
2. How _________ time do you need?
3. How _________ books do you need?
4. How _________ money do you need?
5. How _________ scales do you need?
D. LET’S SAY
Read aloud.
Explanation of system of measurements
Comparing Mass in Grams
- A kilogram is 1000 grams
- A hectogram is 100 grams
- A decagram is 10 grams
- A gram is the basic unit of mass
- A decigram is 1/10 gram
- A centigram is 1/100 gram
- A milligram is 1/1000 gram
Comparing Metric Liters
- A kiloliter is 1000 liters
- A hectoliter is 100 liters
- A decaliter is 10 liters
- A liter is the basic unit of volume
- A deciliter is 1/10 liter
- A centiliter is 1/100 liter
- A milliliter is 1/1000 liter
Task 7
Practice the following dialog.
Teacher : Good morning. How are you?
Student : Morning, Sir. Fine, thank you..
Teacher : Today. We will discuss the system of measurement. What kinds of
system of measurement are you familiar with?
Student : Gram, and liter.
Teacher : Excellent. A kilogram is similar to one thousand grams. A gram is the
basic unit of mass. How many grams are a half kilogram similar to?
Student :A half kilogram is similar to five hundred grams.
Teacher : Great. What about a kiloliter?
Student : A kiloliter is similar to one thousand liters.
E. LET’S WRITE
Task 8
Complete the following sentences.
a. To measure length you need __________.
b. To measure wight you need __________.
c. To measure coldness or hotness you need __________.
4. To measure volume you need __________.
5. To measure distance you need __________.
Measurement Equivalents
- 1 tablespoon (tbsp) = 3 teaspoons (tsp)
- 1/16 cup (c) = 1 tablespoon
- 1/8 cup = 2 tablespoons
- 1/6 cup = 2 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons
- 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons
- 1/3 cup = 5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon
- 3/8 cup = 6 tablespoons
- 1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons
- 2/3 cup = 10 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons
- 3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons
- 1 cup = 48 teaspoons
- 1 cup= 16 tablespoons
- 8 fluid ounces (fl oz) = 1 cup
- 1 pint (pt) = 2 cups
- 1 quart (qt) = 2 pints
- 4 cups = 1 quart
- 1 gallon (gal) = 4 quarts
- 16 ounces (oz) = 1 pound (lb)
- 1 milliliter (ml) = 1 cubic centimeter (cc)
- 1 inch (in) = 2.54 centimeters (cm)
Task 9
Fill the blanks.
a. One cup is equal to _________ tablespoon.
b. One tablespoon is equal to _________ teaspoon.
c. One cup is equal to _________ quart.
d. One cup is equal to _________ teaspoons.
e. One quart is equal to _________ gallon.
f. One mililiter is equal to _________ cubic centimeter (CC).
g. One pound is equal to _________ ounces.
h. One inch is equal to __________ centimeters.
i. One tablespoon is equal to _________ cup.
j. One pint is equal to _________ cups.
F. FUN ACTIVITY
Task 10
Crossword Puzzle
Find words related to measurement.
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H. REFLECTION
- How well can you do these things? Check (√) the boxes.
Very well |
OK |
A little |
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1. | I can pronounce and understand words related to measurements | |||
2. | I can differentiate kinds of measurements | |||
3. | I can mention kinds of measurements | |||
4. | I can express ideas related to measurements in simple English | |||
5. | I can express ideas using how many and how much |
- Part of this unit that I like most is ___________________________________.
- I. WORD LIST
measurementmass
metric gram capacity volume length weight meter distance liter standard ruler scale temperature thermometer |
noun noun adjective noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun |
[ÈmeZ«m«nt][mQs]
[ÈmetrIk] [grQm] [k«ÈpQsIti] [Èvljuùm] [leNT] [weIt] [Èmiùt«] [ÈdIst«ns] [Èliùt«] [ÈstQnd«d] [Èruùl«] [skeIl] [Ètempr«tS«] [T«ÈmmIt«] |
pengukuranmasa
metrik gram kapasitas isi panjang berat meter jarak liter standar penggaris timbangan temperatur termometer |