Adjective Clause


Adjective clause or relative clause tells us which (what kind of) person or thing the speaker means. For example:

ü      The man who lives next door … (tells us which man)

ü      People who live in London … (tells us what kind of people)

  • ‘Who’ is used when we are talking about people. For example:

The man – he lives next door – is very friendly

The man who lives next door is very friendly.

It is also possible to use ‘that’ instead of ‘who’.

The man that lives next door is very friendly.

  • ‘Which’ is used to talk about things. We can also use ‘that’.

ü      A dictionary is a book which/that gives you the meanings of words.

ü      Where are the eggs which/that are in the fridge?

  • ‘Whose’ is used instead of his/her/their (mostly for people):

We saw some people – their car had broken down.

We saw some people whose car had broken down.

  • ‘Whom’ is possible instead of who (for people) when it is the object of the verb in the relative clause. For example:

ü      The man was away on holiday.

ü      I wanted to see him.

ü      The man whom I wanted to see was away on holiday.

ü      In spoken English, we normally prefer who or that.

  • ‘Where’ is to talk about places.

ü      The hotel – we stayed there – wasn’t very clean

ü      The hotel where we stayed wasn’t very clean.



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