Passive Voice


Passive is used when it is not so important who or what did the action.

For example:

  • Somebody built this house in 1995. (active)
  • The house was built in 1995. (passive)

The form of passive sentence is be followed by past participle

be (is/am/are/was/were/has been, etc) + past participle

If you want to say who did or what caused the action, use by:

  • This dress was made by my mother

Here is the table of passive form of some active tenses

Simple present eats is eaten
Present continuous is eating is being eaten
Present perfect has eaten has been eaten
Simple past ate was eaten
Past continuous was eating was being eaten
Past perfect had eaten had been eaten
Future will eat will be eaten
Conditional would eat would be eaten
Perfect conditional would have eaten would have been eaten
Present infinitive to eat to be eaten
Perfect infinitive to have eaten to have been eaten
Present participle (gerund) eating being eaten
Perfect participle having eaten having been eaten

Some examples of passive sentences:

  • The students are asked to do the assignment.
  • My broken car is being repaired now.
  • The room looks nice. It has been cleaned.
  • The hotel will be opened next year.
  • The house was cleaned last night.
  • The house was being cleaned when I arrived.
  • The room looked much better. It had been cleaned.
  • I don’t like being told what to do.
  • The problem can be solved.
  • The window should have been cleaned yesterday.


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