Conditional Sentence



This type of conditional sentences tells hopes and plans that are still possible to happen in the future. For example:

-If I pass the final exam, I will continue studying at President University.
If clause main clause

-I will not go out if it rains this evening.
Main clause if clause

-If + subject + present tense, Subject + will/will not + present tense

If clause main clause


It used to imagine a future happening but unreal to happen. It uses past tense (did, was, found, etc) after the ‘if clause’ but the meaning is present. In the ‘main clause’, it uses would/would not (wouldn’t).

For example

ü If we didn’t go to the party, he would be very angry.

If cause main clause

ü If you stopped smoking, you would feel healthier.

If clause main clause

If + subject + past tense, Subject + would/wouldn’t + present tense

If clause main clause

The speaker imagines that he/she do something, but actually not.


We use past tense and past perfect to describe something in the past which was contrary to the fact or which did not happen and is unreal.

had + past participle, would have + past participle

if clause main clause

For example:

If the scientists had not worked hard, they would not have invented fuel.

If clause main clause

The real situation was that the scientists worked hard so they invented the fuel.


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